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Some Background Information About The Indian Star
The Indian Star Tortoise (Geochelone elegans) has to be one of the most beautiful tortoises in the world. I fell in love with them at first sight some years ago and was fortunate to be able to buy a group of young breeding-sized adults in 2001.

Everything I have researched about them leads me to believe that mine are the larger more colourful race that originate from Sri Lanka and my adults bred, and I hatched my first babies in 2002. This has been an annual event since and I am currently the most successful UK breeder (only a few people have managed to breed Indian Stars to date) of this wonderful tortoise and one of the top Indian Star breeders in Europe.

I sell my babies at a minimum of eight weeks of age and all have thrived for their new owners, some of who have never kept a tortoise before. Being a tropical species they require all year round heat and must be segregated from other tropical species and particularly the Mediterranean species, as the latter carry pathogens against which the Indian Star has no resistance.

They can be maintained in perfect health (and will in my experience breed) in indoor accommodation all year round and they eat much the same as the Mediterranean species. They can be allowed to crop grass on the lawn out-of-doors during the daytime in the hottest part of the summer here in the UK.

This is why I can recommend my Indian Star youngsters to you and have total confidence that they will thrive in your care - even if you have never kept a tortoise before, so don't be put off by the conflicting advice you may have found on the internet and elsewhere - they really are well worth the effort and I will make sure you have everything you need for them to lead a happy and healthy life in your home.

All my baby Stars are covered by my unique three month guarantee (compare this with paltry 1-5 days typically offered by shops and tortoise traders if they offer a guarantee at all) and I am happy for my ‘new owners’ to contact me by phone or e-mail to ask any questions they need to ask about their new acquisition.

This is an ongoing service for all my customers. I get regular e-mails from all around the world requesting information about how to care for Indian Stars from places as far afield as the UK , USA, The Philippines, mainland Europe, Australia and even India and Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia.

E-mail me for a comprehensive free care-sheet written by myself from over 5 years of experience with this beautiful tortoise.
(If the link doesn't work, please use

Three of my female Indian Stars 'dining' - this photo shows the beautiful 'star' pattern on their carapaces which gives them their name.

An Uncommon Beauty
The Indian Star Tortoise is a relatively rare species and is (on paper at least) totally protected in the wild and its' export from its home range of Sri Lanka, India, and Pakistan is prohibited, although animals of dubious origin (suspected wild-caught) are still available via dealers in Europe and undoubtedly do reach the UK.

In the devastating tsunami of Boxing-Day 2004 many wild Sri Lankan Indian Star tortoises would have been drowned and countless incubating eggs destroyed as they would have been waterlogged underground for some days, and the floodwater penetrated far inland.

This event has made this species even rarer in the wild than before, and perhaps more desirable as a result, making it more tempting for people to smuggle them out of their wild habitat for a quick profit.

It is all the more vital to buy only genuine captive-bred animals for the sake of conserving this species and enabling populations to recover in the wild.

As an example of what is happening out there a shipment of 400 wild-caught Indian Stars bound for Europe was seized in early 2006.
An Ideal Size For Life Indoors
Because of its relatively modest adult size (none of my adults exceed 2.5kg in weight and 25cm in length) the Indian Star is probably the only readily available tropical tortoise suitable for long-term indoor accommodation.

Neither of its cousins - the Leopard Tortoise (Geochelone pardalis with a typical adult size in excess of 45cm in length and over 15kg in weight) and African Spurred or Sulcata Tortoise (Geochelone sulcata, typical adult size 83cm in length and 105kg! in weight) will be small enough to keep indoors as adults and will require their own shed/greenhouse complex not to mention several people to actually lift them!!

You should bear this in mind when you see baby Leopard and Sulcata tortoises offered for sale in shops and on the internet - both these species are pretty as babies but rapidly attain an unmanageable size and purchasers are seldom made fully aware of their adult requirements when they are sold these 'cute' babies.

The creation of baby Star tortoises starts with 'friendly' adults! Photo taken
23-11-2006 Eggs will be laid approximately 3 months later.

Male Or Female?
I incubate individual clutches of eggs to produce male or female babies as Star Tortoises eggs have been shown to respond to ESD (environmental sex determination, or in plain English the sex of baby Star Tortoises is influenced by incubation temperature).

As stated earlier, because of its relatively small adult size the Indian Star Tortoise is probably the most practical tropical tortoise for long-term indoor accommodation, but bear in mind that as adults the males are smaller than the females (my breeding male weighs only 1220g and is 19cm long and is about 10 years old), so by choosing a male hatchling you can be sure that the size of vivarium it will require when it attains adult proportions will be more compact than that required for an adult female (my females are typically around 2.5kg in weight and 25cm in length).

If this is likely to be an important factor in your decision to choose a tropical tortoise then a male Indian Star may be the best choice for you.
The Law Relating To Indian Star Tortoises
Unlike the familiar Mediterranean species of tortoises, Indian Star Tortoises do not require an Article 10 Exemption certificate but I do supply a written statement giving their country of origin (England) and date of hatching to any buyer.

In addition to this information I can supply you with the names of the parents of any of my hatchlings and even the date the egg was laid and how long it took to hatch if you would like me to.

This means that if the law is tightened up in the future you will have proof of the origin of your Indian Star.

If you require clarification you should contact DEFRA whose details are

DEFRA, Zone 1/17J,Temple Quay House, 2, The Square, Temple Quay, Bristol BS1 6EB (Tel: 0117 3728469)
What The Books Say
The Tortoise Trusts' "Practical Encyclopedia of Keeping and Breeding Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles" was published in 1996 and states that the Indian Star Tortoise "are not a particularly easy tortoise to induce to breed (or even mate) in captivity". Clearly this is no longer the case as I have proved annually since 2002 and this book is now over 10 years out-of-date. Most other books have very little information on Indian Stars and I have had to find out most of what I know for myself.

For up-to-date information the best source would appear to be me.
Is The Indian Star A Delicate Tortoise?
There seems to be a 'myth' that the Indian Star is a delicate tortoise and is difficult to keep, and this really originates from the 1960's and 70's when the only available Indian Stars were imported direct from the wild and suffered chilling and subsequent infections during their long journey from Asia to the UK. As a result few survived for very long once sold by shops in the UK.

My own experience is that my captive-bred Stars are straightforward to keep, very undemanding and have never caused me any health problems - these are the 2000's after all and the 60's and 70's are now a very long time ago.

However the same is not true of imported Indian Stars and I have had e-mails from people who have bought imported Indian Stars from dealers which have subsequently become sick, sometimes several months after purchase, requiring expensive visits to the vets for respiratory tract infections and also - worryingly, intestinal worm infestations.

This is a common outcome of the importation process (for the reasons outlined in my 'the street-wise guide to the workings of the tortoise trade' below) and can be simply avoided - by purchasing genuine UK - captive-bred Indian Stars direct from the breeder.

One of my adult female Indian Stars nesting.

Photo taken early 2006.

My females have laid clutches ranging in size from
1-8 eggs (this clutch was 6 eggs). Laying takes place from late afternoon onwards and is most often completed after dark.

My baby Indian Star tortoises hatch after a minimum of 107 days incubation and emerge from the egg with a large yolk sac attached which is absorbed over several days in the incubator.

Once this has been absorbed I swab the remaining 'scar' clean with Betadine antiseptic using a cotton bud and transfer them to their terrarium where they soon start feeding.

About eight weeks after hatching they are all feeding enthusiastically, growing in both size and weight and are ready for a new home.

Their hatching weight is typically around 17g and they are the size of a ping-pong ball at birth. By eight weeks old they have already grown to about 30g and are noticeably bigger.

A clutch of four (look hard!) of my Indian Star babies hatching (photo taken mid 2006).
Hatching takes place after a period of 107 days or more in the incubator.